CONTRACEPTION/BIRTH CONTROL OPTIONS
Effective control of reproduction can be essential to a woman’s ability to achieve her individual goals and to contribute to her sense of well-being. Contraception, or birth control, is any method used to prevent pregnancy. By having intercourse without birth control, there is a great chance of pregnancy at any age. There are many ways to avoid an unplanned pregnancy. Consulting our womens’ health specialists is the first step in choosing the best option.
Etonogestrel is a hormone that prevents ovulation. This medication changes the cervical mucus and uterine lining, making it harder for sperm to reach the uterus and for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus. The Etonogestrel implant is medicine contained inside a small plastic rod and implanted into the skin of the upper arm. The rod can remain in place and can provide continuous contraception for up to 3 years.
INTRAUTERINE DEVICES (IUD)
An intrauterine device, or IUD, is a small, plastic, flexible, T-shaped device that is placed into a woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. Two types of IUDs are available in the USA.
- Hormone based IUD
This type of IUD releases the hormone progestin, which causes the cervical muscles to become thicker so sperm cannot reach the egg. This hormone also changes the lining of the uterus so implantation of a fertilized egg cannot occur.
- Copper based IUD
This type of IUD contains copper, which is slowly released into the uterine cavity. The copper stops the sperm from making it through the vagina and uterus to reach the egg, thus preventing fertilization.
The Essure procedure involves permanently placing a soft, flexible insert into each fallopian tube. Over a period of about 3 months, a natural barrier forms around the inserts. This barrier keeps sperm from reaching the eggs and prevents conception. After 3 months, one of our gynecologists administers the Essure Confirmation Test which confirms the inserts are correctly placed, the fallopian tubes are blocked, and that the Essure birth control insertion procedure was successful. Until confirmation has been received, other forms of birth control must be used to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
LAPAROSCOPIC TUBAL LIGATION
For women who no longer want children, sterilization by laparoscopy provides a safe and convenient form of contraception.