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WHAT IS A CERVIX?
The cervix is a cylinder-shaped neck of tissue that connects the vagina and uterus. Located at the lowermost portion of the uterus, the cervix is composed primarily of fibromuscular tissue. It is typically 1 inch long.
There are two main portions of the cervix:
- The part of the cervix that can be seen from inside the vagina during a gynecologic examination is known as the ectocervix. An opening in the center of the ectocervix, known as the external os, opens to allow passage between the uterus and vagina.
- The endocervix is a tunnel through the cervix, from the external os into the uterus. Through this canal, sperm will travel to reach the unfertilized egg after it releases from the Fallopian tubes.
The overlapping border between the endocervix and ectocervix is called the transformation zone. At this point, the cervix produces cervical mucus that changes in consistency during the menstrual cycle to prevent or promote pregnancy. During childbirth, the cervix dilates widely to allow the baby to pass through. During menstruation, the cervix opens a small amount to permit passage of menstrual flow.
Cervical cancer: Most cervical cancer is caused by infection by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Regular Pap tests can prevent cervical cancer in most women.
Cervical incompetence: Early opening, or dilation, of the cervix during pregnancy that can lead to premature delivery. Previous procedures on the cervix are often responsible.
Cervicitis: Inflammation of the cervix, usually caused by infection. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes are some of the sexually transmitted infections that can cause cervicitis.
Cervical dysplasia: Abnormal cells in the cervix that can become cervical cancer. Cervical dysplasia is frequently discovered on Pap test. Also called Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)
Cervix polyps: Small growths on the part of the cervix where it connects to the vagina. Polyps are painless and usually harmless, but they can cause vaginal bleeding.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): Infection of the cervix, known as cervicitis, may spread into the uterus and fallopian tubes. Pelvic inflammatory disease can damage a woman’s reproductive organs and make it more difficult for her to become pregnant.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection: Human papillomaviruses are a group of viruses, including certain types that cause cervical cancer and also less dangerous types of the virus cause genital and cervical warts. Many types of HPV can be prevented with the Gardasil vaccine.
WHY CHOSE THE GYN SURGICAL INSTITUTE FOR CERVICAL SURGERY?
The GYN Surgical institute is specialized in cervical procedures.
- Cone Biopsy and LEEP for Cancer Treatment and Prevention
- Cervical Cryosurgery
- Cervical Cerclage for Miscarriage Prevention
- Trachelectomy Transection of the Cervix for Uterine Prolapse