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WHAT IS THE VULVA
The vulva consists of the external genital organs of a woman. The vulva includes the mons pubis, labia majora and minora, clitoris, bulb of vestibule, vulval vestibule, urinary meatus, greater and lesser vestibular glands, and the vaginal opening. The urinary meatus is also included as it opens into the vulval vestibule. Other features of the vulva include: the pudendal cleft, sebaceous glands, the urogenital triangle, and pubic hair.
As the vulva is the gateway to the uterus and vagina, a double layer of protection is provided by the folds of the outer and inner labia. The vulva can be affected by many disorders which can often result in itching. The vulva is often referred (incorrectly) as the vagina
EXTERNAL GENITALIA DISORDERS
Itching in the vulvar region is a symptom of many underlying causes. Pubic shaving can result in razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis pubis and folliculitis) as well as cuts to the labia and clitoris, and ingrown hairs. Additionally, A Bartholin’s cyst occurs when a Bartholin’s gland is blocked and the gland becomes inflamed. Sizes range from that of a pea to that of an egg and form just within each side of the lower part of the opening of the vagina. An abscess may form if the cyst becomes infected. In this case it often becomes red and painful when touched.
WHY CHOSE THE GYN SURGICAL INSTITUTE FOR YOUR EXTERNAL GENITALIA SURGERY?
WHAT IS A LABIAPLASTY?
Labiaplasty is a procedure for altering the labia minora (inner labia) and the labia majora (outer labia), the folds of skin surrounding the vulva. There are two main categories of women seeking cosmetic genital surgery: those with congenital conditions such as intersex, and those with no underlying condition who experience physical discomfort or wish to alter the appearance of their genitals because they believe they do not fall within a normal range. A labiaplasty can remove the darkened folds and excess labia minora to help create a more symmetric, cleaner appearance of the external genitalia.
There are many conditions addressed by labiaplasty including congenital defects and abnormalities such as vaginal atresia (absent vaginal passage), malformed uterus and fallopian tubes, intersex conditions (male and female sexual characteristics in a person); and tearing and stretching of the labia minora caused by childbirth, accident, and age.
WHAT IS A VULVECTOMY?
The vulva is the outside part of a woman’s sexual organs. This includes the inner lips (labia minora), outer lips (labia majora) and the clitoris. If abnormal cells (dysplasia) are found in this area, a partial vulvectomy is done to remove the affected area of the vulva.
Symptoms of dysplasia may include:
- Itching of the vulva
- Change in color in the skin of the vulva
- Burning sensation on the vulva when during urination
- Change in a mole or birthmark on the vulva
- Lump or mass on the vulva
The most common treatment for dysplasia of the vulva is a surgery called a partial vulvectomy. Your doctor will decide how much tissue from the vulva will need to be removed to best treat your condition. The amount of tissue removed will depend on the size of the area that is affected.
WHAT IS A BARTHOLIN CYST?
The Bartholin glands are two small organs under the skin in a woman’s genital area. They are on either side of the folds of skin (labia) that surround the vagina and urethra. A Bartholin’s cyst excision is surgery to remove the cyst. There is one Bartholin gland on each side of the labia. The labia are the large skin folds on each side of your vagina. A Bartholin’s cyst is a fluid-filled sac in one of the Bartholin’s glands. The fluid inside the cyst may get infected. Pain in the labia may be experienced due to the cyst during activities such as sitting, walking, or even intercourse.
An atheroma is a benign skin and sub dermal tissue growth which occurs due to increased sweating of the sebaceous gland and forming of a capsule around the mentioned fatty content. Atheromas are found in the last layer of the skin – dermis, and their other name is a dermal cyst. During surgery, the surgeon will administer a local anesthetic and excise the atheroma. This is a relatively simple surgery that can be performed on an outpatient basis.
Laser surgery can be successful in treating certain types of pre-cancerous conditions. Laser energy is used to vaporize the top layer of skin to minimize injury to the deeper layers of the skin. In conditions where the pre-cancerous growth is superficial (on the skin surface), lasers can successfully remove the growth with excellent cosmetic results.
Benefits of laser surgery:
- There are no long-term side effects when used properly.
- It can be targeted very precisely.
- It’s less invasive than surgery.
- It usually takes only a short amount of time and is most often done outpatient.
- Unlike radiation, laser surgery can be repeated many times at the same site as necessary.
- There’s usually little or no scarring after the site heals.