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WHAT ARE OVARIES?
The ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system. Thy have two main reproductive functions in the body. They are responsible for the production of productive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, that trigger menstruation and ovaries also release eggs each month for possible fertilization. A female baby is born with all the eggs that she will ever have. This is estimated to be around two million. From puberty to the menopause, only about 400-500 eggs will reach maturity and be capable of being fertilized. Naturally ovaries stop functioning at the time of menopause, in most women around the age of fifty.
MOST COMMON OVARIAN DISORDERS
Polycystic ovarian syndrome – the most common ovarian disorder
5%-10% of women are affected by the polycystic ovarian syndrome, which is the most common ovarian disorder. This is a condition in which a woman’s levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. In a polycystic ovary, the follicles mature to a certain stage, but then stop growing and fail to release an egg. This leads to the growth of ovarian cysts. Polycystic ovaries can affect a women’s menstrual cycle, fertility, cardiac function, and appearance.
Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. Amenorrhea is considered normal during childhood, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause. In all other cases, the absence of periods may be caused by a problem with the reproductive system, it may occur as a side-effect from treatment for cancer and it also can be a symptom of endometrial cancer.
The treatment of amenorrhea depends on the cause. Amenorrhea can be caused by too much exercising or underweight. This type of amenorrhea can be cured with a diet that will help you gain more weight. Hormone replacement therapy can help women with a healthy uterus. In some pituitary conditions a surgery might be the best solution.
Premature ovarian failure
The premature ovarian failure is diagnosed if women who’s ovaries stop functioning before she reaches the age of 40. The cause can be natural or it can be a disease, it also can be caused by a surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. Many women will experience a cyst on the ovaries at some time during their lives. Most cysts are painless, cause no symptoms, and can be discovered during a routine pelvic exam. However, ovarian cysts can also produce serious symptoms and might need surgical treatment
WHY CHOSE THE GYN SURGICAL INSTITUTE FOR YOUR OVARIAN SURGICAL PROCEDURES?
The GYN Surgical Institute offers advanced surgical procedures for any type of ovarian disorder that requires a surgery.