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WHAT ARE OVARIES?
The ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system. They have two main reproductive functions in the body. They are responsible for the production of productive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, that trigger menstruation and ovaries also release eggs each month for possible fertilization. A female baby is born with all the eggs that she will ever have. This is estimated to be around two million. From puberty to the menopause, only about 400-500 eggs will reach maturity and be capable of being fertilized. Naturally ovaries stop functioning at the time of menopause, in most women around the age of fifty.
MOST COMMON OVARIAN DISORDERS
Polycystic ovarian syndrome – the most common ovarian disorder
5%-10% of women are affected by the polycystic ovarian syndrome, which is the most common ovarian disorder. This is a condition in which a woman’s levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. In a polycystic ovary, the follicles mature to a certain stage, but then stop growing and fail to release an egg. This leads to the growth of ovarian cysts. Polycystic ovaries can affect a women’s menstrual cycle, fertility, cardiac function, and appearance.
Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. Amenorrhea is considered normal during childhood, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause. In all other cases, the absence of periods may be caused by a problem with the reproductive system, it may occur as a side-effect from treatment for cancer and it also can be a symptom of endometrial cancer.
The treatment of amenorrhea depends on the cause. Amenorrhea can be caused by too much exercising or underweight. This type of amenorrhea can be cured with a diet that will help you gain more weight. Hormone replacement therapy can help women with a healthy uterus. In some pituitary conditions a surgery might be the best solution.
Premature ovarian failure
The premature ovarian failure is diagnosed if women who’s ovaries stop functioning before she reaches the age of 40. The cause can be natural or it can be a disease, it also can be caused by a surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. Many women will experience a cyst on the ovaries at some time during their lives. Most cysts are painless, cause no symptoms, and can be discovered during a routine pelvic exam. However, ovarian cysts can also produce serious symptoms and might need surgical treatment
WHY CHOSE THE GYN SURGICAL INSTITUTE FOR YOUR OVARIAN SURGICAL PROCEDURES?
The GYN Surgical Institute offers advanced surgical procedures for any type of ovarian disorder that requires a surgery.
Periods and ovulations become regular again
In most cases, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have irregular menstrual cycles. Since there is no ovulation and release of eggs on a regular basis, women with PCOS have difficulty getting pregnant. This medical condition changes the amount of hormones that the body produces and causes over-productivity of testosterone and insulin. In these cases, it is typical for the ovaries to have a thick outer surface, which requires drilling. In this laparoscopic (minimally invasive) procedure, a tiny camera attached to a thin telescope is inserted into a small incision below the belly button together with special tools which drill small holes in the ovaries. This procedure helps reduce testosterone production so periods and ovulations become regular again.
Ovarian cysts are small, fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries. Cystectomy is a surgical excision of an ovarian cyst. The cyst is removed either with laparoscopy or an open surgery.
A laparoscopic cystectomy procedure is a minimally invasive surgery during which a laparoscope, a long thin instrument with a camera attached at one end, is used. This technique is usually used to remove small cysts. A laparoscopic cystectomy removes only the cyst, leaving the ovaries intact. However, if the cyst is too large or connected to ovarian tissue, your surgeon may find it necessary to remove all or part of the ovary.
Laparotomy is an open surgical exploration of the abdomen to examine the organs of the abdomen. In this procedure a single, large cut is made through the abdominal wall. Then the abdominal muscles are separated to reach your ovary and to remove the cyst.
OOPHORECTOMY OR OVARIECTOMY
Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries. The surgery is also called ovariectomy. When oophorectomy involves removing both ovaries, it’s called bilateral oophorectomy. When the surgery involves removing only one ovary, it’s called unilateral oophorectomy. The removal of ovaries can have multiple reasons, like a turbo-ovarian abscess — a pus-filled pocket involving a fallopian tube and an ovary, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, noncancerous (benign) ovarian tumors or cysts. This procedure may also be recommended to women with an increased risk, or in case of, ovarian torsion — the twisting of an ovary. Also, this procedure aims to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer or breast cancer in women.
Call today to schedule your consultation with one of our OB/GYN experts 562 242 2528.