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WHAT IS THE VAGINA
The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which extends from the vulva to the cervix. The outer vaginal opening may be partly covered by a membrane called the hymen. At the deep end, the cervix (also know as the neck of the uterus) bulges into the vagina. The vagina allows for sexual intercourse and childbirth, and channels menstrual flow. The vagina is an internal organ, commonly misattributed as the vulva, the outer section of the female genitalia.
During sexual activity, vaginal moisture is increased during sexual arousal. This is by way of vaginal lubrication, which reduces friction and allows for smoother penetration of the vagina during sexual activity. The texture of the vaginal walls creates friction for the penis during sexual intercourse and stimulates it toward ejaculation, enabling fertilization. Along with pleasure and bonding, sexual behavior among women (which may include heterosexual or lesbian sexual activity) can also come with the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), in which case safe sex practices are recommended. Certain disorders may also affect the vagina.
COMMON VAGINAL DISORDERS
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Because of STIs, it is recommended that safe sex practices, including using condoms, are used during any sexual activity. If you feel you may be at risk, please come in for an STI test.
- Herpes genetalis
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Other Infectious Diseases
- Candidal vulvovaginitis
- Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
- Persistent genital arousal disorder
SYMPTOMS OF VAGINAL DISEASES AND DISORDERS
Discharge: Most vaginal discharges occur due to normal bodily functions, such as menstruation or sexual arousal (vaginal lubrication). Abnormal discharges,however, often indicate the presence of a disease or disorder. Normal vaginal discharges include blood or menses and clear fluid either as a result of sexual arousal or secretions from the cervix. Other non-infective causes include dermatitis. Non-sexually transmitted discharges occur from bacterial vaginosis, aerobic vaginitis and vaginal yeast infections. The final group of discharges include the sexually transmitted diseases gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis. The discharge from a yeast is slightly pungent and white, discharge from trichomoniasis more foul and greenish, and that from foreign bodies resembling the discharge of gonorrhea, greyish or yellow and purulent (pus-like).
Prolapse: Vaginal prolapse is a condition in which structures such as the uterus, rectum, bladder, urethra, small bowel, or the vagina itself may begin to collapse and/or prolapse, or fall out of their normal positions. Without medical treatment or surgery, these structures may eventually prolapse farther into the vagina or even through the vaginal opening if their supports weaken enough. This is a common disorder among women who have had a hysterectomy.
WHY CHOSE THE GYN SURGICAL INSTITUTE FOR YOUR HYSTERECTOMY?
The GYN Surgical institute is specialized in vaginal surgeries and procedures.
- Interior and Posterior Repair – Vaginal Rejuvenation
- Hymenoplasty – Repair or Removal of Hymen
- Vaginal Lift – Colpopexy
- Repair of Menopausal Vaginal Stenosis (to Eliminate Painful Sex)
- Repair of Painful Episiotomy Scars