What are the common causes of ovary pain?

What are the common causes of ovary pain?

What are the causes of ovary pain?

According to VeryWellhealth.com, ovary pain, which is often felt in the lower abdomen, pelvis, or lower back, are related to ovulation and menstruation. A GYN problem like endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease, or even a medical condition affecting your digestive or urinary system can be to blame. This can make the diagnosis more difficult.

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Menstrual Pain

Menstrual pain is a normal discomfort of being a woman going through her cycle. This cramping is experienced during or just before a menstrual cycle, also known as, dysmenorrhea. Uterine muscles are contracted to release these prostaglandins and other hormonal substances.

Are you experiencing heavy bleeding or painful periods? Click below for more information.

Mittelschmerz Pain

Mittelschmerz is a German term that’s translated to mean “middle pain”. Other names for this include, mid-cycle pain, ovulation pain, menstrual middle pain or just – cramps. Mittelschmerz occurs during ovulation when an egg is released by the ovaries. This can cause severe pain and cramps for some women, typically on one side of the lower abdomen.



Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. Many women experience a cyst on the ovaries at some time during their lives.

Types of Ovarian Cysts:

Functional: Most common that usually doesn’t cause symptoms and often go away without treatment.

Teratoma/Dermoid Cyst:
 This cyst contains different types of tissues that make up the body, including hair and skin. It is possible that the cysts have been around since birth and have grown during reproductive years.

Cystadenoma: Formed on the outer surface of the ovary growing very large but typically benign.

 Forms because of Endometriosis.



Endometriosis is a condition where endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus. It is ‘trapped’ in the pelvic area and lower tummy (abdomen) and, rarely, in other areas in the body.

What are the causes?
  • Pressure on the cyst area
  • Hormone fluctuations
  • Physical activities
  • Sex or during sex
  • Everyday activities
  • Pregnancy
  • Constipation or straining

Ectopic Pregnancy

A tubal, or ectopic, pregnancy, occurs when the embryo implants itself outside the uterine cavity – commonly within one of the two Fallopian tubes. A tubal pregnancy can’t proceed normally. The fertilized egg can’t survive, and the growing tissue might destroy various maternal structures. Left untreated, life-threatening blood loss to the mother is possible. Early treatment of a tubal pregnancy can help preserve the chance for future healthy pregnancies.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Another cause of ovary pain is pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. It is a complication often caused by some STDs, like chlamydia and gonorrhea. Other infections that are not sexually transmitted can also cause PID.

Source: www.cdc.gov

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the muscle part of the uterus called the myometrium. They are the most common solid benign growth within the reproductive tract. Fibroids are caused by a few things. Genetic changes, hormones and other growth factors.

Learn More

What are RARE causes of ovary pain?

  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Ovarian Remnant Syndrome
  • Ovarian Torsion
  • Phantom Ovary Pain

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