Have you been exposed to an STD?

Have you been exposed to an STD?

What are sexually transmitted infections/diesases?

Sexually transmitted diseases and infections are contracted from sexual contact. STD/STIs include gonorrhea, HPV, herpes, chlamydia, syphilis, and HIV.

Blog source: https://www.acog.org

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STD/STIs Explained

Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STI in the United States. Chlamydia is caused by a type of bacteria, which can be passed from person to person during vaginal sex, oral sex, or anal sex. Infections can occur in the mouth, reproductive organs, urethra, and rectum. In women, the most commonplace for infection is the cervix (the opening of the uterus).

Source: ACOG.ORG

Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported STI in the United States. Gonorrhea and chlamydia often occur together. Gonorrhea also is caused by bacteria that can be passed to a partner during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

Source: ACOG.ORG

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is caused by a virus called herpes simplex virus (HSV). Infection with HSV can cause painful sores and blisters around the lips, genitals, or anus. Sometimes, infection with HSV causes no sores. It is possible to have HSV and not know it. There is no cure, but the infection can be managed.

Source: ACOG.ORG

Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis C is an infection caused by the hepatitis C virus. Both diseases are contagious and can lead to serious, long-term illness.

Source: ACOG.ORG

 

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Once HIV is in your body, it attacks the immune system. As the immune system weakens, it is less able to resist disease and infections. AIDS is diagnosed when a person with HIV develops diseases that the immune system normally would fight off, such as pneumonia, certain types of cancer, and harmful infections.

Source: ACOG.ORG

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus. Like all viruses, HPV causes infection by entering cells. Once inside a cell, HPV takes control of the cell’s internal machinery and uses it to make copies of itself. These copies then infect other nearby cells.

Source: ACOG.ORG

Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases is an infection of the upper female genital tract.

Source: ACOG.ORG

Syphilis is caused by bacteria. The bacteria that cause syphilis enter the body through a cut in the skin or through contact with a partner’s syphilis sore. This sore is known as a chancre. Because this sore commonly occurs on the vulva, vagina, anus, or penis, syphilis most often is spread through sexual contact. The genital sores caused by syphilis also make it easier to become infected with and transmit HIV. Syphilis also can be spread through contact with the rash that appears in later stages of the disease.

Source: ACOG.ORG

Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by the microscopic parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is spread through sex. Women who have trichomoniasis are at an increased risk of infection with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Source: ACOG.ORG

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