Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. Many women experience a cyst on the ovaries at some time during their lives.

What are ovaries?

The ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system. They have two main reproductive functions in the body. They are responsible for the production of productive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, that trigger menstruation and ovaries also release eggs each month for possible fertilization.

Ovarian Cyst Types?

Functional: Most common that usually doesn’t cause symptoms and often go away without treatment.
Teratoma/Dermoid Cyst: This cyst contains different types of tissues that make up the body, including hair and skin. It is possible that the cysts have been around since birth and have grown during reproductive years.
Cystadenoma: Formed on the outer surface of the ovary growing very large but typically benign.
Endometrioma: Forms because of Endometriosis.

Causes

  • Pressure on the cyst area
  • Hormone fluctuations
  • Physical activities
  • Sex or during sex
  • Everyday activities
  • Pregnancy
  • Constipation or straining

Symptoms

  • Painful intercourse
  • Pelvic pain during/after period
  • Thigh pain or lower back pain
  • Tenderness in the breasts
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Swollen/bloated abdomen

Diagnosis

  • Pelvic Exam
  • Pelvic Ultrasound or CT Scan
  • MRI

    Blood Tests: 
    There is a blood test called CA 125, which is a protein can be high in women who have ovarian cyst, cancer or endometriosis.

Treatment Options

The cyst may need to be removed if it is growing larger and is painful, twisted or causing other problems.

  • Monitoring the cyst(s) size or appearance.
  • Surgical Procedure

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