What is a pelvic organ prolapse?

What is a pelvic organ prolapse?

Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)

Pelvic Organ Prolapse is when tissue and muscles are no longer able to support the pelvic organs and they begin to drop.

What causes this to happen?

The main reason POP occurs is because of childbirth.  Other reasons may include: aging, menopause, and other pelvic support problems. 

Symptoms

There are many instances that women are unaware that they have a prolapsed pelvic organ. Our OB/GYN Specialists are able to examine patients and discover a prolapse presence.
What’s it feel like?

  • Pelvic pressure of fullness
  • Bulging organs coming out of the vagina
  • Having difficulty emptying the bladder
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Bowel movement issues
  • Problems or unable to insert applicators or tampons 

What are the types of POP?

There are various types of prolapses:

  • Bladder Prolapse
  • Small Intestine Prolapse
  • Rectum Prolapse
  • Uterine Prolapse
  • Vaginal Vault Prolapse

Diagnosis

Your OB/GYN specialists will perform a vaginal and a rectal exam which may have you stand or lay down.

You may be asked to cough or strain during the exam for signs of urine leaking. 

Treatment

Treatment may not be needed unless symptoms become bothersome. The options are based on considering the following factors:

  • Age
  • Fertility preference
  • Sexual activity
  • Level of symptom severity
  • Severity of prolapse

POP Exercises

Most women have heard of kegel exercises. It is suggested in order to strengthen the muscles that surround the openings of the urethra, vagina and rectum. POP exercises may help reverse urinary incontinence but if not, surgery may be needed to relieve symptoms.

How do I do kegel exercises?

  • Squeeze bladder muscles as though you’re stopping urine flow.
  • Hold for 3 seconds then release for 3 seconds.
  • Repeat this 10 times, 3 times a day.
  • Increase by 1 second each week until you reach 10 seconds.

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